Mini pigs that we know today are actually mixture of various breeds of pigs. There are four main breeds that made a significant influence on today’s look and size of Teacup pigs and they are as follow:
- Pot Belly Pig
- Kune Kune Pig
- Gloucester Pig
- Tamworth Pig
Now lets find out more about this breeds that are main “ingredients” of these adorable creatures that we all love so much.
Pot Bellied Pigs originate from Vietnam and they are considerably smaller than standard European or American farm pigs. They have a characteristic shape of belly and that’s how they got their name. Size and weight of pot belly pigs are various and depends on a location of origin in Vietnam, they weight in range of 20 to 300 lb. When you see pot bellied pig you can easily recognize this breed because of straight tail and upright ears and the shape of their belly .
They are considered fully grown at a 6 years of age, although males ( un-neutered ) are fertile when they are only six months old. Today is very hard to find purebred potbellies because people tend to cross them with various farm pig species and that is the main reason that many of them are over sized.
Kune Kune’s are also known as kunekune pigs are a small breed of domestic pigs from New Zealand. Their name on Maori language means ” fat and round”. Kunekune’s originate from Asian domestic breed that was introduced in the early 19th century by whalers and merchants to New Zaeland. They are a very rare, in 1980s there was only about 50 purebred pigs remained. Luckily for us some people put a lot of effort to preserve this specie and now they no longer faces extinction. They are hairy and sometimes they can have wattles hanging from their lower jaw. There are various colors of kunekune’s they can be ginger,white, gold, black and white, tan and brown.
Gloucester pig is also known as “bacon pig” they have considerably more fat then other commercial breeds. They are also known as Gloucestershire Old Spots and they originate from England. They are white with black spots. Old-Spots are well suited to live outdoors and farmers who want to add value to their product more often find them as a right choice for that purpose. Now days there are very small number of this pigs in the world.
There are less than 1000 females registered for breeding in the UK and they are listed as a Minority ( category 5).
Tamworth pig have a long narrow body and elongated head shape. Their colour range from dark mahogany red to pale gingery. Tamworth pigs originate from UK but some Irish breeds have significant impact on their today’s overall shape and size. They are one of the oldest breeds of pigs in the UK. They are a medium size breed, full grown males can weight from 550 to 820 lb. Height of adult pigs from this breed varies from 20 to 26 in. There are less then 300 registered females for breeding in the UK and they are listed as Vulnerable specie .
Without this breeds teacup pig as we know it today wouldn’t look the same.